Banded Peacock Anartia fatima Photo by Jenn Sinasac One of the most common and abundant butterflies in Panama, this medium-sized (6-7 cm) brushfoot butterfly (family Nymphalidae) is brown above with a bold cream-white band across each fore and hindwing. Its hindwings also show a patch of red. Its hindwing margins are undulated and feature a “bumplike” tail. The larva (caterpillar) has a black body with reddish-brown spines and spots. Spines are finely branched, and the head has two knobbed horns, also with fine spines. The pupa is translucent jade green with a few dark spots. Banded Peacocks are active year-round. Both males and females are diurnal. Caterpillars feed on host plants from the family Acanthaceae, including the genera Blechum, Justicia, Dicliptera and Ruellia. Adults feed on flower nectar. Males perch on low vegetation and spend much time and energy chasing after other males and females. Females oviposit eggs individually on host plants, most frequently at midday. Despite adult lifespan being only 2 weeks, they are a very common and abundant species throughout Central America. There is a lot of individual variation in Banded Peacocks; bands vary in color from yellow to cream to white. Part of the yellow-white polymorphism is due to genetic causes and subject to natural and sexual selection and part is due to aging. Banded Peacocks are common in subtropical and tropical open areas—fields, orchards, second growth and disturbed areas. They are widespread throughout Central America from Mexico to Panama, and even extend on occasion into south Texas. They are found from sea level to 1500 meters elevation. In Panama, this is the most commonly encountered butterfly at all the Canopy Family lodges.
Banded Peacock Anartia fatima Photo by Jenn Sinasac One of the most common and abundant butterflies in Panama, this medium-sized (6-7 cm) brushfoot butterfly (family Nymphalidae) is brown above with a bold cream-white
Glossy Daggerwing Marpesia furcula Photo by Jenn Sinasac Some of the most wanted butterflies to see in Panama are the daggerwings. Superficially looking like swallowtails, these beautiful butterflies belong to the large brushfoot family, Nymphalidae. Daggerwings are medium-sized butterflies recognized by their long pointed tails on the hindwings. Glossy Daggerwing is one of the most beautiful species of the genus. Males are brightly marked with orange & purple near the body with a dark brown border and hindwings, and brown underside with dark wavy lines. Females are brown with a white stripe and spots on the forewing. Females are rarely seen as they prefer to be high in the canopy, whereas males stay close to the ground. Larvae are brightly colored, with a single row of spines down the back and a pair of spines on the head. Their host plants are of the family Moraceae. Daggerwings in general are often found at mud puddles and along riverbanks, forming large aggregates. However, Glossy Daggerwings are solitary and not known to be found in aggregates. This species is found from Nicaragua to Bolivia, from sea level to 1400m. It is fairly common around the Canopy Lodge and especially the Canopy Camp.
Glossy Daggerwing Marpesia furcula Photo by Jenn Sinasac Some of the most wanted butterflies to see in Panama are the daggerwings. Superficially looking like swallowtails, these beautiful butterflies belong to the large brushfoot